Don't refork a GitHub repository every time you want to contribute
Sometimes people contribute to one of my projects, and every time that they want to contribute, they delete their fork and fork the project again.
They usually do this because they don't know how to easily get an up-to-date master branch again. Since it's much easier to just hit "delete" and "fork" again, that's what they do instead.
However, this problem usually occurs when people start working on the `master` branch instead of a branch specifically made for their PR.
So the next time you want to work on a fork of some project with the intent to contribute your changes via a PR, do the following instead:
# Clone your fork git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:/you/project # Add the original repository as a new remote git remote add original https://github.com/someone/project # Now you'll have the remotes "origin" (fork) and "original" (original) # We assume that your current master branch has no exclusive changes # Now update your master using the originals masters state git pull original master # Now that you have an up-to-date master, create a new branch of that git checkout -b your_new_feature # This creates a new branch called `your_new_feature` and checks it out # Now start implementing your feature and commit the changes. # When you are done, push your changes to the fork git push --all origin # --all will push all branches to the remote # Now create your PR via GitHub. As soon as it gets accepted into # master, you can repeat the same procedure starting at # `git pull original master`
This way you won't have to worry about both remotes having different commits, merge commits or whatever, since all your changes happen on a throwaway branch anyway.
In case you already have a poluted
master branch, you
can do the following:
# Check the originals master out git checkout original/master # This will bring you into a "Detached HEAD" state, meaning you aren't on a # branch, but on a specific commit you could say. # Now delete master locally git branch -D master # After deleting master, we use our current state to recreate it git checkout -b master # Now we'll locally have an up-to-date master # Now we push, but we need to apply `--force`, since our commit will delete commits that already exist upstream. git push --force
I hope this helps ;)
If you have an easier way of doing those things, leave a comment!